Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary (poor habitat area)
Basic information
Sample name: Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary (poor habitat area)

Reference: D. Pawar, H. P. Nelson, D. R. L. Pawar, and S. Khanwilkar. 2019. Estimating leopard Panthera pardus fusca (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) abundance in Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(5):13531-13544 [ER 3358]
Country: India
State: Madhya Pradesh

Coordinate: 25° 30' N, 74° 26' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "The 345km2 Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1981, lies between -25.500N and 77.433E longitude... It extends over the districts of Sheopur and Morena... An area of 890km2 buffer zone was added to the sanctuary later"
this apparently means 25.5N, not south
elevation 238 to 498 m
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forest
Protection: wildlife protected area
Substrate: ground surface
MAP: 760.0
Habitat comments: "within the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forest eco-regions... A large population of feral cattle... also roam the forests" but the reserve is currently uninhabited
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals, birds
Focal species: Panthera pardus fusca
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 475
Years: 2017
Nets or traps: 8
Net or trap nights: 90
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: yes
Trap spacing: 1.875
Sampling comments: "The study was conducted over a 40-day period from 18 March to 26 April 2017 during the summer season" in two areas each of "15km2", one in "poor" and one in "good" habitat
the "good" area was sampled from 9 April to 27 April
"Sixteen trail cameras... Bushnell Trophy Cam HD Aggressor No-Glow... were used... The cameras were deployed in pairs... at a height of approximately 40cm... four to six metres apart... To minimise the possibility of double counting, an interval of at least 20 minutes was taken before recording the same object again... inter-camera distances during a six-day trapping session were between 1.25km and 2.5km... trapping was conducted over two survey periods of 18 days for each habitat"
counts are otherwise apparently just of photos without a further attempt to minimise double-counting
the abstract says there were 180 trap-nights: this apparently means 30 six-day trapping sessions in separate "observation blocks" that were each about 1 km2 in area, each block apparently having one trap, so there were 90 trap-nights in each habitat
Sample: 3721
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-11-07 15:06:26
Modified: 2020-11-07 15:06:26
Abundance distribution
23 species
3 singletons
total count 475
extrapolated richness: 27.1
Fisher's α: 5.050
geometric series k: 0.7986
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8483
Shannon's H: 2.3330
Good's u: 0.9937
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Panthera pardus133 kg carnivore
Bos taurus141337 kg
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus72.4 kg frugivore-insectivore
Felis silvestris ornata14.5 kg carnivore
Vulpes bengalensis182.9 kg
Boselaphus tragocamelus11263 kg browser-grazer
Axis axis8640 kg browser-grazer
Canis lupus familiaris143 kg carnivore
Tetracerus quadricornis5
Semnopithecus entellus6310 kg folivore-frugivore
Mellivora capensis37.7 kg carnivore-invertivore
Sus scrofa2054 kg herbivore
Hystrix indica913 kg browser
Lepus nigricollis3
Canis aureus249.9 kg carnivore-frugivore
Felis chaus205.3 kg carnivore
Macaca mulatta28.0 kg folivore-frugivore
Urva smithii3
"Herpestes smithii"
Cervus unicolor21100 kg grazer-browser
"Rusa unicolor"
Melursus ursinus367 kg insectivore-frugivore
Viverricula indica103.0 kg invertivore-carnivore
Hyaena hyaena530 kg carnivore-insectivore
Pavo cristatus184.8 kg omnivore