Hunchun National Reserve (summer)
Basic information
Sample name: Hunchun National Reserve (summer)

Reference: H. Yang, X. Zhao, B. Han, T. Wang, P. Mou, J. Ge, and L. Feng. 2018. Spatiotemporal patterns of Amur leopards in northeast China: Influence of tigers, prey, and humans. Mammalian Biology 92:120-128 [ER 3324]
Country: China
State: Jilin

Coordinate: 43° 0' N, 130° 44' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: a 1087 km2 reserve "in the northern portion of the Changbai Mountains"
Habitat: temperate broadleaf/mixed forest
Protection: nature reserve
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: agriculture, grazing, hunting
Habitat comments: "The major vegetation types included deciduous birch (Betula linn.) and oak (Quercus mongolica) forests, most of which were secondary deciduous forests, as well as some coniferous forests... The HNR has been exposed to human disturbance for decades, including plantations (crops and ginseng farms), animal husbandry (cattle grazing and frog farming), and poaching"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 10461
Years: 2013
Seasons: summer, autumn
Nets or traps: 163
Net or trap nights: 20561
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: yes
Trap spacing: 3.600
Sampling comments: "In each grid (3.6 * 3.6 km), mostly 2 camera traps were placed along road, trail or ridge" (this apparently means the cameras were paired)
"We analysed only videos taken at a minimum time interval of 30 minutes... we defined the seasons as the snow period (winter: Jan-Apr and Nov-Dec) and the snow-free period (summer: May-Oct)"
sampling was from "January 2013 to December 2013" (so the "winter" counts pertain to two separate intervals)
separate winter and summer counts are given, but separate trap-night totals for these intervals are not indicated; because each interval is six months, it is assumed that half of the overall 41, 122 trap-night count applies to each one
Sample: 3696
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2020-10-28 21:47:38
Modified: 2020-10-28 21:47:38
Abundance distribution
13 species
0 singletons
total count 10461
extrapolated richness: 13.0
Fisher's α: 1.465
geometric series k: 0.6140
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7437
Shannon's H: 1.8493
Good's u: 1.0000
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Panthera pardus orientalis7933 kg carnivore
Panthera tigris altaica152168 kg carnivore
Sus scrofa56254 kg herbivore
"wild boar"
Capreolus pygargus469
"roe deer"
Cervus nippon846103 kg
"sika deer"
Vulpes vulpes2955.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
"red fox"
Meles leucurus6046.0 kg
"Asian badger"
Nyctereutes procyonoides1764.2 kg invertivore-frugivore
"raccoon dog"
Moschus moschiferus149.3 kg
"musk deer"
Lepus mandshuricus343
"Manchurian hare"
Homo sapiens487664 kg
"human activity" excluding "vehicle"
Bos taurus1406337 kg
"cattle grazing"
Canis lupus familiaris63943 kg carnivore