Schulze Cave (layer C1)
Basic information
Sample name: Schulze Cave (layer C1)

Reference: W. W. Dalquest, E. Roth, and F. Judd. 1969. The mammal fauna of Schulze Cave, Edwards County, Texas. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 13(4):205-276 [ER 3217]
Country: United States
State: Texas

Coordinate: 30.3° N, -99.9° W
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "approximately 28 miles northeast of the town of Rock Springs.... about 0.5 miles east of... Paint Creek, and approximately 3.8 miles due east of the Rigsby Triangulation Station" (coordinate estimated from map based on the location of Telegraph, which is 31.4 miles northeast of Rock Springs)
a "pelvis of a grizzly bear" from layer C1 was dated at 9, 680 +/- 700 years B.P.
Climate and habitat
Lithology: claystone
Taphonomic context: bird accumulation, cave, fluvial deposit
Habitat comments: a "sinkhole"
layer C is a "fine-grained, brown, clay-like material rich in carbonate grit"
"Most of the small mammals were probably brought to the site as prey of barn owls... Bones of larger mammals were either washed into the cave or brought in by wood rats"
Life forms: bats, carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: quarry, screenwash
Sample size: 3185
Sampling comments: matrix was washed, but no details are given
Sample: 3536
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-09-12 12:24:26
Modified: 2019-09-12 21:11:00
Abundance distribution
50 species
14 singletons
total count 3185
extrapolated richness: 70.0
Fisher's α: 8.420
geometric series k: 0.8741
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8900
Shannon's H: 2.6363
Good's u: 0.9956
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Sorex cinereus114.1 g
Sorex vagrans15.3 g
Blarina brevicauda7915.1 g
Notiosorex crawfordi62
Scalopus aquaticus394.9 g
Myotis velifer588.6 g insectivore
Myotis cf. evotis86.5 g insectivore
Eptesicus fuscus117.2 g insectivore
Homo sapiens164 kg
Sylvilagus floridanus1371.1 kg herbivore
Lepus californicus22.1 kg
Tamias striatus12113 g frugivore-insectivore
Cynomys ludovicianus2
Thomomys umbrinus2
Geomys bursarius48
Perognathus merriami435
Chaetodipus hispidus46232.1 g
"Perognathus hispidus"
Dipodomys ordii548.9 g
Oryzomys palustris142.4 g
Reithrodontomys montanus83
Reithrodontomys megalotis110.3 g
Reithrodontomys fulvescens1311.5 g
Peromyscus maniculatus7919.1 g
Peromyscus leucopus16821.0 g
Peromyscus boylii8523.2 g
Peromyscus pectoralis170
Baiomys taylori188.5 g
Onychomys leucogaster12934.7 g
Sigmodon hispidus73289.4 g
Neotoma floridana8252 g
Neotoma micropus137294 g
Neotoma albigula18176 g
Microtus pinetorum16924.0 g
"Microtus ochrogaster pinetorum"
Synaptomys cooperi529.0 g
Zapus hudsonius115.6 g
"Zapus princeps" (see Hafner 1993)
Canis latrans612 kg carnivore-insectivore
Vulpes vulpes35.3 kg carnivore-insectivore
Ursus americanus1115 kg browser-insectivore
Ursus arctos horribilis1156 kg frugivore-carnivore
"Ursus horribilis"
Mustela erminea1121 g
Mustela frenata1144 g carnivore
Spilogale putorius10633 g carnivore-invertivore
Mephitis mephitis21.5 kg carnivore-insectivore
Conepatus leuconotus1
"Conepatus mesoleucus"
Panthera onca165 kg carnivore
"Felis onca"
Herpailurus yagouaroundi35.4 kg carnivore
"Felis yagouaroundi"
Lynx rufus49.0 kg carnivore
"Felis rufus"
Odocoileus virginianus375 kg herbivore
Bison sp.1
Equus sp.1