Shikma Biosphere Zone (winter)
Basic information
Sample name: Shikma Biosphere Zone (winter)

Reference: H. Shamoon, S. Cain, U. Shanas, A. Bar-Massada, Y. Malihi, and I. Shapira. 2018. Spatio-temporal activity patterns of mammals in an agro-ecological mosaic with seasonal recreation activities. European Journal of Wildlife Research 64(35):1-10 [ER 3037]
Country: Israel

Coordinate: 31.488331° N, 34.568909° E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "The area comprises the western and middle parts of the Shikma River drain- age basin"
latitude and longitude are swapped in the text
Climate and habitat
Habitat: desert/xeric shrubland
Altered habitat: cropland
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: "in the western Mediterranean desert ecotone... a mosaic of agricultural fields (mainly seasonal crops), nature reserves (3000 ha), patches of natural steppe habitats, and planted tree stands (mostly of alien species), spotted with rural settlements"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 308
Years: 2015, 2016
Days: 13
Seasons: winter
Nets or traps: 60
Net or trap nights: 780
Camera type: digital
Cameras paired: no
Sampling comments: "We used infrared (IR) trap cameras (HCO Scout Guard SG550-8MHD, during winter (December 2015–January 2016), summer (June–July 2016), and spring (March–April 2017). The cameras were located in 10 natural patches nested in agricultural fields... Distance between sites was 1–4 km... We mounted six cameras at each site by six separate animal trails. Cameras were set with 50 to 150 m intervals between them depending on the terrain. Cameras were mounted on pegs 30–50 cm above ground level... We collected data from each camera location during 13 consecutive days; overall, we mounted 60 cameras per season, resulting in 2340 sampled days throughout the study period... An individual detection event was defined by a 1-min filter"
the spring data were collected in December 2015 and January 2016
I have omitted counts of "Canis spp."
Sample: 3287
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2019-03-16 14:59:15
Modified: 2021-06-22 15:24:47
Abundance distribution
12 species
0 singletons
total count 308
extrapolated richness: 12.0
Fisher's α: 2.486
geometric series k: 0.7130
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.7947
Shannon's H: 2.0179
Good's u: 1.0000
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Canis aureus1249.9 kg carnivore-frugivore
Canis lupus1443 kg carnivore
Felis catus16
Felis chaus135.3 kg carnivore
Gazella gazella4021 kg
Herpestes ichneumon152.9 kg carnivore-insectivore
Hyaena hyaena2330 kg carnivore-insectivore
Hystrix indica2513 kg browser
Lepus capensis8
Meles meles1311 kg invertivore-herbivore
Sus scrofa1454 kg herbivore
Vulpes vulpes35.3 kg carnivore-insectivore