Basic information
Sample name: Tonqani

Reference: M. K. Rowan. 1964. An analysis of the records of a South African ringing station. Ostrich 35(3):160-187 [ER 2761]
Country: South Africa
State: Gauteng

Coordinate: 26° 13' S, 28° 6' E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text
Geography comments: "at Bryanston on the outskirts of Johannesburg"
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical savanna
Altered habitat: inhabited area
Protection: unprotected
Substrate: ground surface
Habitat comments: part of a private property "planted with trees" that "has several reed beds" and "donga dams" and is surrounded by "open grass-veld"
Life forms: birds
Sampling methods: no design, mist nets, sticky traps, other traps
Sample size: 12286
Years: 1954 - 1959
Nets or traps: 18
Sampling comments: "For the first four years... walk-in traps" were used, and from 1957 mist nets were used with nets at "eighteen points" that were "regularly placed"
counts are of individuals ringed as adults or juveniles (as opposed to nestlings, which are also inventoried and apparently were sampled in an ad hoc way)
Sample: 2952
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2018-05-08 20:58:40
Modified: 2020-01-14 18:50:09
Abundance distribution
83 species
20 singletons
total count 12286
extrapolated richness: 111.3
Fisher's α: 11.968
geometric series k: 0.8965
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.5722
Shannon's H: 1.4707
Good's u: 0.9984
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Elanus caeruleus3241 g carnivore
Francolinus coqui17262 g omnivore
Francolinus swainsoni11706 g
Numida meleagris41.3 kg omnivore
Crex crex1169 g
Charadrius tricollaris231.2 g insectivore
Vanellus coronatus5165 g insectivore
"Stephanibyx coronatus"
Burhinus capensis11423 g
Streptopelia capicola24142 g omnivore
Spilopelia senegalensis790 granivore
"Stigmatopelia senegalensis"
Oena capensis140.6 g
Cuculus solitarius2 insectivore
Chrysococcyx caprius229.3 g insectivore
Centropus superciliosus312.6 g
Bubo africanus4 carnivore
Tyto alba32.5 g carnivore
Caprimulgus rufigena3
Apus caffer1522.1 g insectivore
Apus affinis12.1 g insectivore
Urocolius indicus152.7 g
"Colius indicus"
Corythornis cristatus6
"Corythornis cristata"
Halcyon albiventris165.1 g
Merops apiaster156.6 g insectivore
Upupa africana7
Lybius torquatus251.7 g
Tricholaema leucomelas132.2 g
Trachyphonus vaillanti1471.9 g
Indicator indicator350.4 g insectivore
Indicator minor328.2 g insectivore
Jynx ruficollis146.4 g insectivore
Hirundo rustica82.1 g insectivore
Hirundo albigularis721.8 g
Hirundo cucullata1627.1 g
Cecropis abyssinica6
"Hirundo abyssinica"
Riparia paludicola1213.5 g
Riparia cincta222.3 g insectivore
Dicrurus adsimilis3 insectivore
Oriolus oriolus1 insectivore
Pycnonotus barbatus635.1 g frugivore-insectivore
Turdus olivaceus328.1 g omnivore
Psophocichla litsitsirupa2
"Turdus litsitsirupa"
Saxicola torquatus93.9 g insectivore
"Saxicola torquata"
Cossypha caffra3428.5 g insectivore-frugivore
Sylvia borin618.2 g frugivore-insectivore
Hippolais icterina113.2 g insectivore
Phylloscopus trochilus18.7 g insectivore
Acrocephalus arundinaceus130.0 g insectivore
Sphenoeacus afer1330.4 g
Cisticola fulvicapilla78.6 g
Cisticola tinniens311.4 g
Prinia subflava19.0 g insectivore
Prinia flavicans99.3 g
Muscicapa striata415.9 g insectivore
Parisoma subcaeruleum114.6 g
Melaenornis silens10
"Sigelus silens"
Terpsiphone viridis213.8 g insectivore
Motacilla capensis1220.8 g
Lanius collurio1 carnivore
Lanius collaris3 insectivore
Telophorus zeylonus15
Lamprotornis nitens485.6 g
"Lamprocolius nitens"
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster344.0 g omnivore
Chalcomitra amethystina2514.7 g nectarivore
Zosterops pallidus11211.1 g
Passer domesticus654.9 g granivore
Passer melanurus128529.5 g
Passer diffusus5624.2 g
Ploceus ocularis125.2 g insectivore
Ploceus cucullatus13.3 g granivore
Ploceus capensis3547.9 g
Ploceus velatus120233.6 g
Ploceus xanthops144.3 g omnivore
Quelea quelea779219.1 g granivore
Euplectes orix31625.5 g
Euplectes afer114.7 g
Euplectes progne335.1 g
"Diatropura progne"
Amandava subflava27.3 g granivore
"Estrilda subflava"
Estrilda astrild772.0 g granivore
Uraeginthus granatinus1
"Granatina granatina"
Vidua macroura5316.0 g granivore
Serinus mozambicus63.6 g granivore
Serinus atrogularis411.4 g
Serinus gularis1416.0 g