Valparai Plateau
Basic information
Sample name: Valparai Plateau

Reference: R. Navya, V. Athreya, D. Mudappa, and T. R. S. Raman. 2014. Assessing leopard occurrence in the plantation landscape of Valparai, Anamalai Hills. Current Science 107(9):1381-1385 [ER 1759]
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu

Coordinate: 10.37° N, 76.97° E
Basis of coordinate: based on nearby landmark
Geography comments: "in the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats" (coordinate based on Valparai)
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Altered habitat: plantation
Substrate: ground surface
WMT: 24.0
CMT: 19.0
MAP: 3497.0
Habitat comments: "a 220 sq. km landscape of tea, coffee and other plantations, containing at least 40 rainforest frag- ments (less than 1 ha to about 200 ha)... The main natural vegetation type of the area... is mid-elevation tropical wet evergreen forest... The northern block has a mix of tea, coffee and Eucalyptus plantations with rainforest fragments"
climate data are for "Injipara estate of Valparai plateau" and are from Joshi et al. (2009, Biol Invasions)
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other small mammals
Focal species: Panthera pardus
Site area: 13400.000
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 81
Years: 2012
Nets or traps: 8
Net or trap nights: 85
Camera type: analog
Cameras paired: yes
Trap spacing: 1.950
Sampling comments: "A 2 km x 2 km grid was overlaid... and 8 contiguous grid cells occupying 32 sq. km... were selected for survey... Eight camera-trap sites were selected... maintaining a minimum distance of 1.52.4km between sites" except for "one site that was 0.9 km from the nearest site... In each site, a pair of cameras was placed on either side of an estate road or trail... The area of the minimum convex polygon that included the camera trap locations... was 13.4 sq. km... Camera-trapping was conducted between May and July 2012 using 16 camera traps (10 Bushnell Trophycam infrared cameras, four Deercam Scouting camera DC-200 and two CEDT (Centre for Elec- tronics Design and Technology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) cameras)" meaning 8 traps with two cameras each
Sample: 1963
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-24 11:00:40
Modified: 2016-12-15 21:32:22
Abundance distribution
12 species
2 singletons
total count 81
extrapolated richness: 15.5
Fisher's α: 3.893
geometric series k: 0.7652
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8613
Shannon's H: 2.1754
Good's u: 0.9753
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Hystrix indica1913 kg browser
Sus scrofa1354 kg herbivore
Muntiacus sp.12
"Muntiacus muntjak": most likely M. malabaricus based on the geographic location, but possibly M. vaginalis
Bos gaurus10481 kg
Panthera pardus333 kg carnivore
Cervus unicolor8100 kg grazer-browser
"Rusa unicolor"
Lepus nigricollis4
Urva vitticolla3
"Herpestes vitticollis"
Viverricula indica33.0 kg invertivore-carnivore
Cuon alpinus114 kg carnivore
Melursus ursinus467 kg insectivore-frugivore
Elephas maximus13711 kg grazer-browser