Tapiraí and Piedade Municipalities
Basic information
Sample name: Tapiraí and Piedade Municipalities

Reference: K. D. Espartosa, B. T. Pinotti, and R. Pardini. 2011. Performance of camera trapping and track counts for surveying large mammals in rainforest remnants. Biodiversity and Conservation 20(12):2815-2829 [ER 1719]
Country: Brazil
State: São Paulo

Coordinate: 23° 50' S, 47° 28' W
Basis of coordinate: based on political unit
Geography comments: "a 10, 000-ha fragmented landscape in the municipalities of Tapiraí and Piedade"
altitude 800 to 880 m
bogus ranges of coordinates are given in a figure; coordinate is based instead on a rough mean for the two municipalities
Climate and habitat
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Altered habitat: secondary forest
Substrate: ground surface
Disturbance: agriculture, grazing
MAT: 18.9
MAP: 1800.0
Habitat comments: "originally covered by forest classified as 'Lower Montane Atlantic Rainforest'... reduced today to 49% of the landscape (secondary forest in intermediate to advanced stages of regeneration, Fig. 1). Remnants are surrounded by pastures (24% of the landscape), agriculture (13%), homogeneous plantation of Pinus spp. and Eucalyptus spp. (5%), and native vegetation in initial stages of regeneration (3%)"
Life forms: carnivores, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals
Sites: 24
Sampling methods: no design, baited, automatic cameras
Sample size: 1702
Years: 2006, 2007
Days: 20
Nets or traps: 36
Net or trap nights: 2496
Camera type: analog
Cameras paired: no
Trap spacing: 0.900
Sampling comments: "We sampled 24 sites located in remnants of secondary forest, which were selected to... maintain a minimum distance of 900 m between sites... We surveyed large terrestrial mammals (C1 kg) between October 2006 and July 2007, when all 24 sites (remnants) were sampled with camera traps and sand plots... In each site we set three sampling units 100-m apart... each consisting of one [film Trapa-camera] camera trap... and four sand plots (0.5 9 0.5 m each) set at 5 m from the camera... Each site (remnant) was sampled during 40 days divided into three surveys (10 or 15 days each), during which 12 of the 24 remnants were sampled simultaneously... Final sampling effort among the 24 sites varied from 90 to 118 camera-days"; baiting was with "banana... together with corn and salt" and half of the sampling used this bait type
sampling effort estimated as 24 sites x 104 camera-days
Sample: 1916
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-12 20:31:35
Modified: 2016-01-30 20:32:11
Abundance distribution
12 species
2 singletons
total count 1702
extrapolated richness: 14.2
Fisher's α: 1.743
geometric series k: 0.5217
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.4198
Shannon's H: 1.0145
Good's u: 0.9988
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Didelphis aurita12831.1 kg invertivore-frugivore
Dasypus novemcinctus764.4 kg invertivore
Tamandua tetradactyla14.8 kg insectivore
Canis lupus familiaris6143 kg carnivore
Cerdocyon thous1325.2 kg carnivore-frugivore
Nasua nasua394.4 kg invertivore-frugivore
Procyon cancrivorus45.0 kg carnivore-frugivore
Eira barbara684.1 kg frugivore-carnivore
Leopardus spp.10
Mazama spp.14
Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris158 kg grazer-browser
Dasyprocta azarae132.5 kg