Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
Basic information
Sample name: Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary

Reference: S. Kitamura, S. Thong-Aree, S. Madsri, and P. Poonswad. 2010. Mammal diversity and conservation in a small isolated forest of southern Thailand. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 58(1):145-156 [ER 1707]
Country: Thailand

Coordinate: 5° 50' 30" N, 101° 48' 30" E
Basis of coordinate: stated in text as range
Geography comments: "on the Thai-Malaysian border"
coordinate is the midpoint of ranges stated in the text
the three trails are respectively at 323, 301, and 715 m (median is used)
Habitat: tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Protection: wildlife protected area
Substrate: ground surface
MAT: 23.0
MAP: 3500.0
Habitat comments: "tropical lowland evergreen forest" that "was partly logged along the paved road that bisects the lower one-third of the site and was sporadically (and illegally) logged elsewhere... The clear, dry season lasts from February to April"
Life forms: carnivores, primates, rodents, ungulates, other large mammals, other small mammals, birds, lizards
Sampling methods: no design, automatic cameras
Sample size: 2079
Years: 2004 - 2007
Nets or traps: 15
Net or trap nights: 11106
Camera type: analog
Cameras paired: no
Trap spacing: 0.400
Sampling comments: "Colour print film (ISO 400) was used in each camera... Cameras were deployed at 15 locations in three different forest types... In each forest type, cameras were deployed 300500 m apart along an existing trail: primary forest... logged forest... and hill forest... In the primary and logged forests, the same camera locations were maintained for 36 months (Oct.2004 to Oct.2007), whereas those in the hill forest were maintained for 18 months (May 2006 to Sep.2007)... The total number of camera-days was 11, 106 over 36 months (4, 428 camera-days in the primary forest, 3, 965 in the logged forest, 1, 891 in the hill forest, 613 along animal trails, and 389 around fruiting trees)"
Sample: 1901
Contributor: John Alroy
Enterer: John Alroy
Created: 2016-01-10 08:42:29
Modified: 2016-01-30 20:31:31
Abundance distribution
42 species
11 singletons
total count 2079
extrapolated richness: 57.0
Fisher's α: 7.454
geometric series k: 0.8627
Hurlbert's PIE: 0.8761
Shannon's H: 2.4731
Good's u: 0.9947
Each square represents a species. Square sizes are proportional to counts.
Ptilocercus lowii2
Tupaia glis55150 g frugivore
Echinosorex gymnurus47721 g
Macaca nemestrina2377.7 kg
Trachypithecus obscurus126.4 kg
Manis javanica54.4 kg insectivore
Callosciurus caniceps1335 g frugivore-folivore
Callosciurus notatus5280 g frugivore-browser
Lariscus insignis9220 g
Rhinosciurus laticaudatus1
Leopoldamys sabanus83338 g frugivore-insectivore
Maxomys surifer293157 g
Maxomys whiteheadi6
Sundamys muelleri1274 g herbivore-insectivore
Atherurus macrourus5
Hystrix brachyura160
Martes flavigula172.8 kg carnivore
Arctictis binturong710 kg frugivore
Hemigalus derbyanus13 invertivore
Paguma larvata214.0 kg frugivore-carnivore
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus12.4 kg frugivore-insectivore
Prionodon linsang7686 g
Urva javanica1534 g
"Herpestes javanicus"
Catopuma temminckii4310 kg carnivore
Panthera pardus233 kg carnivore
Panthera tigris5168 kg carnivore
Neofelis nebulosa413 kg carnivore
"Pardofelis nebulosa"
Prionailurus bengalensis133.4 kg carnivore
Tapirus indicus99
Sus scrofa42654 kg herbivore
Tragulus kanchil581.8 kg frugivore
Tragulus napu122.6 kg frugivore
Muntiacus vaginalis396
"Muntiacus muntjak": reassignment is based on geography
Capricornis sumatraensis1
"Naemorhedus sumatraensis"
Spilornis cheela120.5 g carnivore
Argusianus argus182.4 kg insectivore-frugivore
Gallus gallus129.1 g frugivore-granivore
Chalcophaps indica24.9 g frugivore
Anorrhinus galeritus11.2 kg frugivore-carnivore
Zoothera citrina153.3 g insectivore
Copsychus malabaricus132.0 g insectivore
Varanus sp. 16